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1. 在正式文体中,one 可用来泛指“人们”“任何人”(通常没有修饰语)。如:

One can never be too careful. 越仔细越好。

One does not like to have his word doubted. 谁都不愿意别人怀疑自己的话。

One can travel to Holland by boat or by air. 到荷兰去,可以坐船,也可以乘飞机。

相应的所有格和反身代词可用 one’s 和oneself, 但在美国英语中常用 his 和 himself 代之。如:

One must love one’s [his] country. 谁都必须爱国。

One’s thinking directs one’s actions. 思想指导行为。

One shouldn’t be too hard on oneself [himself]. 一个人不应该太难为自己。

用 one 泛指“人们”是一种比较正式的用法,在口语或非正式文体中通常用 you, people等。如:

You can’t be too careful, can you? 小心为妙,可不是吗?

You should not be forgetful of your responsibilities. 人们不应该忽视自己的职责。

2. 用作替代词,可用于代替可数名词,但不能替代不可数名词,用法如下:

(1) 使用时要注意分清是泛指还是特指:


A fast train is one that goes fast. 快车是一种行驶快的火车。

This dictionary has several appendices, including one on irregular verbs. 这部词典有几项附录,包括不规则动词附录。


I’d like a cake. A big one with lots of cream. 我想要一块蛋糕,一块带很多奶油的大蛋糕。

His idea was such a good one that we all agreed to use it. 他的想法是那样好,我们都决定采用。


I have lost my watch and I have to buy one. 我的表不见了,我得再去买一只。

I can’t find my watch. Have you seen it? 我的表找不到了,你看见了吗?


He said he would have the one near him. 他说他要靠近他的那一个。

The new road is far better than the old one. 这条新路比旧路好走多了。

Here are six rings. Pick out the one you like best. 这里有6枚戒指,选出你最喜欢的一枚。

此时要注意the one与it的区别:两者均用于替代表特指的单数名词,但the one原则上应有自己的修饰语(前置定语或后置定语),而it原则上不能带有自己的修饰语。

(2) 另外还要注意分清是单数还是复数:one只能用于替代单数可数名词,对于替代复数名词的用法,要注意以下几点:


If you have any interesting books, please lend me some. 你若有什么有趣的书,请借我几本。

It should be for all our children, not just some. 这应该适用于我们所有的儿童,而不仅仅是某些孩子。


Hard beds are healthier than soft ones. 硬板床比软床有利于健康。

On the average, male babies weigh more at birth than female ones. 一般说来男婴出生时比女婴重。


The chairs are too old, and I want to buy some new ones. 这些椅子太旧了,我想买些新的。

The chairs are too old, and I want to throw them away. 这些椅子太旧了,我想把它们丢掉。


These are the old classrooms. Those are the new ones. 这些是旧教室,那些是新的。

The children will carry the small boxes and the adults the large ones. 孩子们搬小箱子,大人们搬大箱子。


His ideas are little different from those of his friends. 他的想法和他朋友的想法没什么两样。

Students who do well in examinations are those [the ones] who ask questions in class. 考试成绩好的都是上课爱提问的学生。

另外,要注意the ones与them的区别:两者均用于替代表特指的复数名词,但the ones原则上应有自己的修饰语(前置定语或后置定语),而them原则上不能带有自己的修饰语。

(3) 几点重要的补充说明

① 当替代词one / ones 紧跟在形容词最高级、序数词以及this, that, these, those, which, either, neither, another等限定词之后时,通常可以省略。如:

I think my dog’s the fastest (one). 我想我的狗是跑得最快的(一只)。

Either (one) will suit me.(这两个里头)哪一个对我都合适。

Let’s have another (one). 咱们再来一个吧。

She looked at each (one) carefully before she chose. 她仔细地看了看每一个,然后才挑选。

A:Which (one) would you like? 您要哪一个?

B:That (one) looks the nicest. 看起来那个最好。

② 复数形式的ones之前一般不直接用名词所有格、物主代词、数词以及 some, any, both, several, dozen, own 等词修饰。如:

Take your coat and pass me mine. 拿去你的外衣,把我的递给我。(不能说:…pass me my one.)

Have you got any drawing-pins? Can I borrow some please? 你有图钉吗?我能借一些吗? (不能说:... some ones?)

Do you have any new diaries?—We don’t any at the moment. 你有没有新的日记本?——我们眼下一本也没有了。(不能说:... any ones?)

Do question 1 or question 2, but not both. 第1题和第2题选做一道,但不要两道都做。(不能说:... both ones.)

He has three dictionaries and I have only two. 他有3本词典,但我只有2本。(不能说:... two ones.)


误:her ones / some ones / any ones / five ones / your own

正:her red ones / some new ones / any old ones / five bad ones / your own nice ones





2、for oneself与by oneself

3、有关another 的若干用法补充


5、little和a little表肯定意义与否定意义分类理解


7、none与no one的三点区别




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