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一般将来时的由shall / will+ 动词原形构成。


(1) 表示单纯的将要发生的动作或情况。常与表示将来的时间状语连用。如:

Tomorrow will be Sunday. 明天是星期天。

They say that it will rain. 他们说要下雨。

I’ll be thirty-seven on my next birthday. 到下次生日, 我就三十七岁了。

We won’t be free tonight. 今晚我们没空。

(2) 也可以表示临时决定要做的事。如:

— I thought I asked you to sweep the floor.

—Oh, I’m sorry. Mother, I will do it right now.



—You have left the door open.

—Oh, so I have. I’ll go and lock it.



(3) 有时虽没有时间状语,但从意思上可以判断指将来的动作。如:

Who will take the chair? 谁当主席?

You will pass the examination. 你会通过那个考试的。

The meeting won’t last long. 会开不了多久。

(4) 一般将来时有时还表示倾向和习惯性。如:

Oil will float on water. 油总浮在水面上。

Fish will die without water。鱼离开水就会死掉。

The machine won't work because of a faulty connection. 机器电源线接错了,所以开不动。


(1) be going to+动词原形。


I’m going to make a dress with the cloth I bought yesterday. 我打算用昨天买的布做个裙子。

We are not going to stay there long. 我们不准备在那里久待。

Where are you going to spend your holidays?你准备去哪儿度假?


Look at the black clouds— It is going to rain.看那乌云— 天要下雨了。

There’s going to be a lot of trouble about it. 这事肯定会有许多麻烦。

Li is putting on weight. She’s going to be quite fat. 李的在体重增加,她会很胖的。

(2) be to+动词原形


He is to leave for Beijing tomorrow. 他决定明天去北京。

I’m to have coffee with my friend this afternoon. 今下午我要和我朋友去喝咖啡。

When are you to hand in your paper? 你的论文什么时候交上来?


The mail is to be handed to him in person. 邮件得亲自交给他。

Nobody knew what are to be done. 没人知道该怎么办。


You are to make the necessary changes.你要做出必要的改变。

Tell him he’s not to be late next time. 告诉他下次不准迟到。

Such books are to be found in any library. 这种书哪个图书馆都找得到。


If we are to succeed, we must rely on the masses.

(3) be about to+动词原形。有“即将”的意思,不能和任何时间状语连用。如:

He is about to leave for Beijing. 他即将要离开去北京。

Sit down, everyone. The plane is about to start. 大家坐好,飞机就要起飞了。


I’m not about to lend him any more money. 我不打算再借给他任何钱。


The train leaves the station in five minutes. 火车五分钟后开车。

When does the summer holiday begin? 暑假什么时候开始?

Tomorrow is Friday. 明天是星期五。

The plane takes off at three o'clock. 飞机三点钟起飞。

(5)少数转移动词如come, go, leave, start, arrive等的现在进行时,表示按计划或安排要发生的事。如:

We’re having an English evening next week. 我们下星期将开一个英语晚会。

They are leaving for Paris. 他们将动身去巴黎。

有时表示即将发生的动作。如: I’m coming. 我来了。

(6) be due to+动词原形。主要表示按计划或时间表将要发生某事:

He is due to leave London tomorrow. 他预定明天要离开伦敦。

This book is due to be published in August. 这本书计划八月份出版。



(1) “will / shall+动词原形”与“be going to +动词原形”:


I think it’ll rain this evening. / I think it’s going to rain this evening. 我想今晚会下雨。

I won’t tell you about it. / I’m not going to tell you about it. 我不会把这事告诉你的。


① be going to表示的计划和打算是经过事先考虑好的;will / shall表示说话时临时做出的决定。比较:

A:—Li Ming is in hospital.

— Oh, really? I didn’t know. I’ll go and visit her.


—啊,真的吗?我还不知道。我要去看看她。(临时想法,不能用be going to)

B:— Li Ming is in hospital.

— Yes, I know. I’m going to visit her tomorrow.



② 若是有迹象表明要发生某事,通常只用be going to,不用will。如:

The sky is clouding over, there is going to be storm. 天空乌云密布,我们看得出快来暴风雨了。

He looks pale. He is going to be sick. 它看起来脸色苍白。他可能病了。

③ 带有时间或条件状语从句的主句中用will或shall, 而不用be going to。如:

If it is fine tomorrow, I’ll go. 如果明天天晴,我一定去。

As soon as he comes back, I will tell him the news. 他一回来我就告诉他这个消息。

④在条件状语从句中,be going to表将来时间,而will / shall表意愿。如:

If you are going to do your homework,you’ll tell him not to come. 如果你今晚做作业,你得告诉他不要来。

If you will help us, we will be glad. 假如你能帮我们的忙,我们会很高兴。

(2)“be going to+动词原形”与“现在进行时”:

① be going to+动词原形,主要表示主观想法或意图,而现在进行进表示将来则主要已经强调做出的安排。比较:

I’m going to wash the car if I have time. 若有时间我想洗洗车。(主观想法)

I’m picking you up at 6; don’t forget. 我6点钟来接你,不要忘了。(已做出的安排)

② 但是当要表示主观无法控制的预测时,通常要用be going to,不能用现在进行时态。如:

It’s going to snow before long. 不久会下雪。

Things are going to get better soon. 情况很快就会好起来。

③ 当表示坚持要 / 不要某人做某事时,两者均可用。如:

She’s taking / going to take that medicine whether he likes it or not. 不管她喜欢不喜欢,她都得吃那药。

You’re not wearing / going to wear that skirt to school. 你不可以穿那条裙子去上学。

(3) “be going to+动词原形”与“be to+动词原形”:

两者均可表示按计划或安排要发生的动作,有时可互换(但be to比be going to正式)。如:

Where are we going to stay tonight? 我们今晚住哪里?

I’m (going) to play tennis this afternoon. 我打算今天下午打网球。

但be going to 还可表示预测,即根据已有迹象预测将要发生的动作,此时不能用be to。如:

Look, it’s going to rain. 看,要下雨了。













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