allow,permit,advise,forbid等后接动词有讲究

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有这样几道题:

a. We don’t allow __________ in the office.

b. We don’t allow people __________ in the office.

c. People are not allowed __________ in the office.

A. smoking B. to smoke C. smoked D. smoke

此题答案为a句选 A,b句和c句均选 B。一般说来,动词allow(允许)之后应接动名词作宾语,但是若其后接有名词或代词作宾语,则其宾语后的补足语应用不定式,而不是动名词(注意:c句与b句同义,只是c句为b句的被动形式)。

类似以上用法的动词还有 permit,advise,forbid等:

1. a. We don’t permit _________ on the grass.

b. We don’t permit people _________ on the grass.

c. People are not permitted _________ on the grass.

A. walk B. to walk C. walking D. walked

2. a. He advised _________ early.

b. He advised us _________ early.

c. We were advised _________ early.

A. leave B. to leave C. leaving D. left

3. a. We forbid __________ a noise.

b. We forbid people __________ a noise.

c. People are forbidden __________ a noise.

A. make B. to make C. making D. made

但动名词前用所有格或物主代词作逻辑主语是可能的:

4. a. He forbids me _________ with them.

b. He forbids my _________ with them.

A. to go B. goingC. goD. went

答案:

1. C,B,B 2. C,B,B 3. C,B,B 4. A,B

 

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10、so…that还是very…that

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