历届高考完形填空难度变化总结(2)

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二、灵活的词汇意义以及上下文乃至全篇文章内容的理解等更加强化。下面仅以一些常用词在具体的上下文语境中的词义变化为例:

1、opposite the window

2、sit still the still smoking pistol

3、over one's shoulder

4、send children to bed(打发)孩子们上床睡觉

5、have(play, act)a part

6、miss one's part miss a step

7、The medicine didn't work

8、make(the)tea 沏茶,沧茶

9、go to one's place (固定或指定的)位置,座位,席位

10、none of your excuse! =Don't give me your excuse!

11、speak for oneself=in one's personal opinion

12、pick up sb 让某人搭车;give sb a lift用车接某人

13、look out for 注意

14、be meant for =be intended for 打算使 ……成为

15、papers 报纸;试卷;论文;文件;契约;借据等

16、stand n.货摊 vt.容忍,忍受(bear=put up with)

17、button one's coat do up the buttons of one's coat

18、get a very good idea of=be familiar with…

19、call up=remind sb of…

20、share many experience have many experience in common

21、in this respect (way)

22、introduce sb to sth 把某事介绍给某人

23、explain sth to sb向某人解释某事

24、help oneself to 擅自带走;自用

25、It won't hurt to take an umbrella with you.带把伞去总没有坏处。

26、pick up

(1)He silpped and fell, but quickly picked himself up.(跌倒后)使(自己)爬起。

(2)pick up a wallet 拾起、捡起

(3)pick up some knowledge of physics(偶然地,无意地)获得(收益、生计、知识、消息)等

(4)pick up a foreign language(未经听课等)学会外语

(5)pick up a girl(非经正式介绍)随便地结识(常指异性)

(6)pick up the programme(依靠探照灯、雷达等)测知看到(在无线电里)听到

(7)pick up passengers(goods)(车辆等)中途搭(人)中途带(货)

(8)pick up one's courage He is beginning to pick up 恢复精神;恢复健康

(9)The train picked up speed 加速

(10)pick up a room 收拾,整理

(11)pick up a CRIminal 逮住(罪犯)

(12)pick up the subject 重提(话题)

总之,做完形填空题,了其大意,先易后难,瞻前顾后,通过直接暗示、间接暗示,前、后暗示,层次、段落暗示,逻辑、推断暗示做题是非常关键的。当然,更重要的是扩大阅读面,增加阅读量,积累语言经验,培养语感能力。望大家反复认真阅读,对提高解答完形填空的能力大有裨益。

 

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